Pressure Equipment Directive (PED)
Directive 2014/68/EU (the “PED”) sets out requirements relating to pressure equipment, in order to provide for a high level of protection of health and safety of persons, domestic animals, and property. The requirements include safety objectives for the design and manufacture of pressure equipment, labelling requirements, and the applicable conformity assessment procedures. The PED also sets out obligations of manufacturers, importers, and distributors.
If you manufacture, import or distribute pressure equipment, you must comply with the requirements of the PED. You must also comply with national laws and regulations in Member States, which implement the PED.
This material is for informational purposes and you should not take it as a substitute for legal advice. We encourage you to consult your legal counsel for any concerns about the laws and regulations related to your product.
What products does the PED apply to?
The PED applies to pressure equipment and assemblies with a maximum allowable pressure PS greater than 0,5 bar.
This includes covering vessels, piping, safety accessories and pressure accessories, including, wherever applicable, elements attached to pressurized parts, such as flanges, nozzles, couplings, supports, and lifting lugs. It also applies to assemblies, i.e. several pieces of pressure equipment assembled by a manufacturer to constitute an integrated and functional whole.
Examples of products that are covered by the PED: shell and water tube boilers, heat exchangers, plant vessels, industrial pipework, safety valves, and buckling rods.
There are a number of exemptions to the scope of the PED. Examples include: aerosol dispensers, items specifically designed for nuclear use, bottles or cans for carbonated drinks for final consumption, radiators and pipes in warm water heating systems, and vessels designed to contain liquids with a gas pressure above the liquid of not more than 0,5 bar.
Who has obligations under the PED?
The PED sets out obligations for manufacturers, authorized representatives, importers and distributors of pressure equipment.
What are the key requirements of the PED?
Declaration of Conformity and CE marking:
Manufacturer responsibilities include:
Importer responsibilities include:
Distributor responsibilities include:
Manufacturers and importers must keep a copy of the technical documentation and declaration of conformity for 10 years after the pressure equipment has been offered for sale or supply in the EU.
Labelling and information:
Manufacturers and importers must ensure that the pressure equipment bears:
Jeżeli informacje te nie mogą znajdować się bezpośrednio na urządzeniu ciśnieniowym, powinny znajdować się na opakowaniu lub dokumencie dołączonym do urządzenia ciśnieniowego.
Ponadto do urządzenia ciśnieniowego należy dodać instrukcję i informacje dotyczące bezpieczeństwa (zawierające informacje wymagane zgodnie z załącznikiem do dyrektywy PED). Powyższe informacje powinny być sporządzone w języku łatwo zrozumiałym dla konsumentów, innych użytkowników i organów nadzoru rynku.
What should you do if pressure equipment is not in conformity with the PED?
Distributors should not make pressure equipment or assemblies available for sale if they find non-conformance with the essential safety requirements set out in Annex I of the PED. If the pressure equipment or assembly presents a risk, distributors must inform the manufacturer or the importer to that effect as well as the market surveillance authorities.
Manufacturers, importers, and distributors should immediately take the corrective measures necessary to bring pressure equipment into conformity, to withdraw or to recall it, as appropriate.
When the pressure equipment presents a risk, manufacturers, importers, and distributors should immediately inform the competent national authorities of the Member States where it was sold, along with details of the non-conformity and of any corrective measures taken.
Manufacturers, importers, and distributors should provide a competent national authority with all the information and documentation, in paper or electronic form, necessary to demonstrate the conformity of the pressure equipment with the PED, following a reasoned request. They must also cooperate with competent authorities at their request on action taken to eliminate risks relating to those products.
We strongly encourage you to visit the European Commission’s website for more information on the Pressure Equipment Directive: